文章摘要
结合层次分析法和数据包络分析法的 实验室科研效率评估实证研究
Performance Evaluation of Laboratories based on AHP and DEA
投稿时间:2020-10-19  修订日期:2021-01-14
DOI:
中文关键词: 层次分析法  数据包络分析 实验室
英文关键词: Analytic  hierarchy process,Data  envelopment analysis,Laboratory
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
李沁蓉 山东大学齐鲁医院 济南 250012 250012
吕明 山东大学齐鲁医院 济南 250012 
杨晓云 山东大学齐鲁医院 济南 250012 
摘要点击次数: 42
中文摘要:
      目的 通过计算实验室的科研效率,反映出科研投入产出水平,并对其科研持续发展能力做出评价和决策参考。方法 选取某高校附属医院的20所科研实验室为研究对象,以年度输入数据作为投入指标;结合各实验室在研究水平与贡献、研究队伍建设、学科发展和人才培养、开放与运行管理方面的表现情况,分别以论文与专著、专利与转化、奖励、研究生培养、标准与规范、学术会议的赋权量化分值作为产出指标。首先使用层次分析法进行打分赋权;接着结合投入指标数据使用数据包络分析法对各实验室的科研效率进行评估。结果 实验室在专利和转化、奖励、标准与规范方面表现较弱。存在七个实验室(1、6、8、10、11、13、19)的纯技术效率、规模效率、综合效率均为1,可视为DEA有效。实验室20的技术效率最低,实验室12规模效率最低且规模报酬递减。结论 科研实验室通过投入调整和产出加强提高科研有效性,同时各实验室需重视科技成果转化,发挥教育培养职能。
英文摘要:
      Objective By calculating the efficiency of the Scientific Research Laboratory, it reflects the level of the scientific research input and output capacity,and makes evaluation and decision-making reference to its scientific research sustainable development capacity.Methods The 20 Scientific Research Laboratories in a hospital were selected as the research objects, and the annual input data were taken as the input index. Weighted quantitative scores of the performance of each laboratory in ability and contribution, team construction, discipline development and personnel training, operation management, papers and monographs, patents and conversions, awards, graduate training, standards and norms, andacademic conferences.They were used as output indicators.Then analytic hierarchy process (AHP)and data envelopment analysis(DEA) are used to evaluate the scientific efficiency of each laboratory. Results The performance of the laboratory is weak in the aspects of patent conversion, awards, standard. The technical efficiency from CRS DEA, technical efficiency from VRS DEA, the scale efficiency of seven laboratories (1,6,8,10,11,13,19) are all 1, which can be regarded as DEA efficiency. The technical efficiency of laboratory 20 is the lowest, and the scale efficiency of laboratory 12 is the lowest. Conclusions Scientific Research Laboratories should enhance the effectiveness through input adjustment and output enhancement, meanwhile each laboratory should pay attention to the transformation of scientific achievements and play to the function of education and training.
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