文章摘要
医学科研人员科研数据管理的认知调查与分析 ——以江苏省某地三甲医院医学科研人员为例
Survey analysis of the scientific research data management cognition of medical research investigators:A case study from a tertiary hospital in Jiangsu Province
  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn113565-20200317-00091
中文关键词: 科研人员  科研认知  科研数据保存  科研数据共享
英文关键词: Big data  Researchers  Research cognition  Research data preservation  Research data sharing
基金项目:江苏省卫生健康委员会医学科研项目(H2018077);江苏省南通市科技计划项目(MS12018013)
作者单位
王玥 南通大学附属医院 
摘要点击次数: 243
中文摘要:
      目的 调查江苏省某地三甲医院医学科研人员对科研数据管理的认知现状和存在问题,为提高医院整体科研管理水平以及制定政策提供参考依据。方法 采用便利抽样方法,调查对象为医务人员、专职科研人员及科研管理人员,书面和电子邮件进行科研数据认知及科研素养问卷调查。采用软件SPSS 25.0进行统计分析,P<0.05为差异有统计学意义。结果 本研究有效问卷共200份。结果显示,科研人员获取科研数据的主要途径为实验室实验,获取他人原始数据途径主要为图书馆公共数据库。将近70.0%(140人)的人员因未妥善保管科研数据导致数据丢失;142人(71.0%)愿意将数据交由数据管理机构;146人(73.0%)要求项目组及160人(80.0%)鼓励同行交由数据管理机构,其中研究生学历比例高,曾利用过他人原始数据的占57.0%;共160人(80%)愿意及鼓励同行使用数据管理机构提供的他人原始数据,其中研究生学历占比高。结论 科研人员数据保存情况较差,愿意共享科研数据,但缺乏专业的知识和技能;医院层面要对科研人员进行相关科研数据管理的培训,提高科研数据保护及共享方面的认知能力;要建立科学数据保存制度,配备数据存储、管理、服务和安全等必要设施,保障科学数据完整性和安全性。需要制定相关政策,推动科研管理创新及改革从而促进医疗科研管理发展。
英文摘要:
      Objective Investigate the status quo and existing problems of medical researchers’ cognition on scientific research data management in a tertiary hospital in Jiangsu Province, provide reference for improving the overall scientific research management and policy making in hospitals. Methods The convenient sampling method was adopted. A questionnaire survey on research data cognition was conducted among medical staff, full time researchers and research management personnel. The statistical analysis was performed by software SPSS 25.0, and the difference was statistically significant at P <0.05. Results A total number of 200 questionnaires were collected in this study. The main way for researchers to obtain data is laboratory experiments, and the main way to obtain the original data of others is the public database on the internet. Nearly 70.0% (140 people) lost the data because they did not take good care of the scientific research data. The number of required project teams and encouraged peers to submit to data management agencies were 146 (73.0%) and 160 (80.0%), respectively. 57.0% had used other people's raw data. Among which researchers had post graduate degrees are the highest. Conclusions Researchers have poor data preservation and are willing to share scientific research data, but lack professional knowledge and skills; at the hospital level, scientific research personnel should be trained in relevant scientific data management to improve the cognitive ability of scientific research data protection and sharing. It is necessary to establish a scientific data preservation system and be equipped with necessary facilities for data storage, management, service and security to ensure the integrity and safety of scientific data. Related policies should be developed to enhance the innovation and reform of scientific research management.
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