文章摘要
探索新形势下新疆科研管理新举措 ——基于2014—2018年国家自然科学基金资助统计
Exploring new measures for scientific research management in Xinjiang in the new era:Based on statistics from National Natural Science Foundation of China, 2014-2018
  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn113565-20191015-00211
中文关键词: 探索  新疆  国家自然科学基金  资助
英文关键词: Exploration  Xinjiang  National Natural Science Foundation of China  Funding
基金项目:新疆维吾尔自治区高校科研计划项目(XJEDU2019C004)
作者单位
窦雪 新疆医科大学 
摘要点击次数: 239
中文摘要:
      目的 针对新疆获得国家自然科学基金项目情况,在学科、人才及合作研究等方面进行探索,提供决策参考。方法 根据科学基金年度资助项目统计、报告、历年科学基金项目指南和相关文章,收集2014—2018年新疆获得项目,回顾性统计分析,探讨其总体情况及趋势。结果 2014—2018年新疆共获得科学基金2 295项,经费共计10.0556亿元,平均获得数占全国1.12%,获得项目数下降。其中获地区项目数最多,共1 683项,地区基金以生命科学部资助最多,共获资助525项,占比31.78%;获数理科学部、信息科学部和管理科学部资助最少,均资助76项,占比均为4.6%。结论 新疆获资助项目数占全国项目总数比例下降,新疆获国家自然科学基金存在高校和地区发展不平衡现象,本地人才流失严重,且缺少学科带头人,建议加强项目合作,以留住人才。
英文摘要:
      Objective According to Xinjiang's project funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, this paper explores issues on discipline subject, talents, and cooperative research to provide decision making references. Methods Information about the funded research in Xinjiang during 2014 2018 was collected from NSF annual funding project statistical report, scientific project funding guidelines and related literature articles, retrospective statistical analysis were conducted to discuss the overall situation and trends. Results There were 2 295 research projects were funded in Xinjiang by NSF from 2014 to 2018, with a total funding amount of 105.056 billion yuan.The number of projects funded was decreased by an average of 1.12% of the national level. The largest number of funded research came from regional support, accounted for 1 683, among which most of the projects were supported by the Ministry of Life Sciences accounted for 525 and 31.78% of the total funding. The lowest number of research funded was by the Department of Mathematics, Physics, Information Science, and Management Science, accounted for 76 and 4.6%. Conclusions Compare to the total number of projects funded in the whole country, the proportion of projects funded in Xinjiang has declined. Xinjiang internally funded universities and regions have developed imbalanced.Local talent has been seriously drained, and there is a lack of discipline leaders. It is recommended to strengthen project cooperation and retain talent.
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